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The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that up to 2.7 million lives could be saved annually with sufficient fruit and vegetable consumption. Low intake of fruits and vegetables is among the top 10 selected risk factors that can cause gastrointestinal cancer, heart disease and stroke. Thus, WHO recommends 400 grams per day or 146 kg per year of vegetables and fruits to help prevent various diseases.  In the Philippine setting, according to the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI), in 2003, one person consume 110 grams of vegetables, 19 grams of roots and tubers and 10 grams of beans, nuts and seeds or a total of 51 kg per year.

In 2006, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reported that the vegetable industry in the Philippines contributes >30% to total agricultural production and a major component of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).  Vegetable production is based on highland and lowland cropping in the wet and dry season.

Under the High Value Crops Development Program (HVCDP) of the Department of Agriculture, vegetables are categorized into four (4) main types – highland, lowland, spices and indigenous. HVCDP has identified twenty (20) different kinds of vegetables that comprises the four (4) type and these are the following: 1) ampalaya, 2) asparagus, 3) broccoli, 4) cabbage, 5) carrots, 6) cauliflower, 7) eggplant, 8) garlic, 9) ginger, 10) gourd, 11) habitchuelas, 12) lettuce, 13) okra, 14) onion, 15) Chinese pechay, 16) native pechay, 17) squash, 18) stringbeans, 19) tomato, and 20) white potato.


Based on the data generated by the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), for the past five (5) years, the total vegetable production* from 2005 to 2011 increased by 6.30% (from 2,293,753MT to 2,438,281MT) while the total area increased by 2.95% (from 287,795HA to 296,277HA). The yield was also increased from 7.97MT/HA to 8.23 MT/HA (3.26%).

In terms of the 20 priority vegetables, production was increased by 10% (from 1,427,741MT to 1,571,373MT)* and a 3.53% increase in the area (from 143,164HA to 148,211HA). The yield also increased from 9.97MT/HA to 10.60MT/HA (6.31%).


The Philippines is the top exporter of juice concentrates and pineapple juice. Both fresh and processed export industry is increasing. We have Smooth Cayenne or Hawaiian, Queen or African Queen or Formosa, Native Philippine Red or Red Spanish and Cabezona.


Smooth Cayenne or Hawaiian  2.3-3.6 kg and considered as the heaviest variety cylindrical in shape, flesh is light in yellow color sweet flavor slightly fibrous texture best for canning

Queen or African Queen or Formosa  0.45-0.95 kg, small type and has tapering shape Flesh is deep yellow in color  Sweetest variety

Native Philippine Red or Red Spanish  0.91-1.4 kg, medium in size and barrel-shaped Flesh is in pale yellow color Sweet and coarse spicy in flavor Fibrous texture

Cabezona  size ranges from 8-12 inches long when fully matured cylindrical shape, dark green to bright yellow flesh


Pineapple grows over a wide range of soils and climatic conditions but grows best at 150-240 m above sea level with a temperature of 24-30 C. 

Elevation - 150 to 240 m above sea level 

Temperature - 24-30 C 

Rainfall - relatively uniform throughout the year and should be between 100-150 cm/yr. 

Soil - sandy loam soil with high organic matter content. 

Drainage - well-drained soil with pH 4.5-5.5.


PRODUCTION (Bureau of Agricultural Statistics) 

In 2011, Philippines has an existing production area of 58,457 hectares that has produced a volume of 2,246,806MT.  

Pineapple production went up by 3.58% in 2011. There were continuous increases in area harvested of pineapple from Del Monte, Lapanday, Asian Hybrid, Mt. Kitanglad Agricultural Development Corporation, Davao Ventures Corporation and DOLE in Bukdinon in the 2nd half of 2011. Likewise there were increases in area planted and harvested in Bicol Region owing to the high demand for this product. Higher yield of pineapple farms was cited in SOCCSKSRAGEN and this was attributed to sufficient rainfall during the last quarter of the year.

Northern Mindanao attained the highest production with 1,159,698 MT followed by SOCCSKSARGEN with 794,841 MT and Bicol Region with 116,123 MT. On the other hand, SOCCSKSARGEN has the highest existing area of 22,850 hectares, followed by Northern Mindanao with 21,979 hectares and CALABARZON with 3,869 hectares



Philippines’ exported volume in 2011 262,690 MT for fresh pineapple worth $65.7 million and  for dried about 329 MT valued at $ 1.8 Million

For fresh pineapple, top major export destinations include Japan, South Korea, China and Singapore.For dried , top export markets include USA, Japan, Netherlands ,China and Hawaii.



Banana is the leading fruit grown in the Philippines and a consistent top dollar earner. The prospect of Philippine bananas in the domestic and foreign market is still promising. We have Cavendish and banana chips for export. For export, “Cavendish” type is grown for the fresh market and ‘Saba’/’Cardaba’ for chip-making and staple food.


In 2011, Philippines has an existing production area of 450,125 hectares that has produced a volume of 9,165,046 MT.2011 volume of production is 0.70 percent higher than the previous year’s output of 9,101,341 MT. The production gains were attributed to additional bearing hills and expansion areas in Mindanao during the 1st and 3rd quarters of the year.Davao region (XI) attained the highest production with 3,854,835 MT followed by Northern Mindanao (X) with 1,725,775 MT and SOCCSKSARGEN (XII) with 1,094,956 MT.Saba banana has an existing production area of 186,317 hectares that has produced a volume of 2,616,842 MT in 2011. The volume of production in 2011 is 0.61 percent lower from theprevious year’s output.  Highest production attained in Davao region that has produced 582,529 MT.Lakatan banana has produced a volume of 926,719 MT from existing production area of 57,032 hectares. 2011 volume of production is 0.55 percent higher than the previous year’s output. Highest production with 223,141 MT attained in SOCCKSARGEN region.Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics


In 2010, world production of bananas totaled 102,114,819 MT with an area of 4,771,944 hectares.Top 3 banana-producing countries in 2010 include India, China, and Philippines.Source: FAOSTAT 2010


Philippines’ exported volume in 2011 was 2,046,373.58 MT for fresh bananas worth $470,957.85 million; for chips and crackers 30,141.62 MT valued at $50,575.27 million; and for dried 369.10 MT, valued at $193.87 thousand.For fresh banana, top major export destinations include Japan, China and Korea. For chips and crackers, top export markets include Vietnam, China and USA. While, the 3 countries destinations of dried bananas for export are brought to Vietnam, Japan, and Saudi Arabia.Source: National Statistics Office 2011



Rubber growers are predominantly smallholders. The industry players classified rubber farms as small, commercial, public lands, and Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs) cooperatives. There are an estimated 38,000 families dependent on the commodity and are mostly smallholders with farm size of three hectares.

Rubber is mainly planted in Mindanao with some plantings in Luzon and Visayas. The age of rubber trees were categorized as mature and immature. The mature trees were further grouped to 20 years of tapping. Across regions in Mindanao, about 60 percent of the rubber trees are 20 years and up of tapping except in Region 11.

Rubber is one of the most popular agro-industrial crops in the world, especially Southeast Asia and South Asia. About 80 percent is used for making tires. The rest includes industrial products like belts, hoses, tubes, linings and bearings, consumer products like balls, erasers and footwear, medical products like gloves and cathethers, as well as seismic materials to name some. A rubber tree’s economic life is around 30 years, and is grown largely by small farmers. Accroding to the Census of Agriculture in 2002, there were around 38,000 farms in the country with farm size of one to seven hectares.

The rubber industry is labor-intensive. Thus, an additional of 18,000 are part-time off farm workers in rubber farms while 20,000 are tappers who are employed as share croppers.

The top producers of rubber in the world include Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, India and China. In the Philippines, the key company players in the downstream industries include Dunlop  Slazenger Philippines, Inc. (tennis balls), Manhattan Rubber and Plastic Manufacturing Corporation (motorcycle and bicycle tires), Mitsuboshi Belting Phil. Corp and Yokohama Tire Philippines.

NATIONAL PRODUCTION (Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics) 

Last year alone, production of rubber was estimated at 425,705 MT. This was 7.71 percent more than previous year’s level of 395, 237 metric tons. Number of mature or tappable trees in 2011 was 42.06 million trees.  Area planted to rubber expanded by 16.48 percent which is 161,565 hectares from 138,710 hectares in 2010.  Expansion program in the past had resulted in more mature tappable trees.  Increased rubber tapping was noted throughout the year. This was influenced by higher prices of rubber in Zamboanga Sibugay, North Cotabato and Basilan. There were also reports of recovery from defoliation in Agusan del Sur and also recovery by rubber processors and good demand for natural rubber.  The top rubber producing regions in 2011 were Zamboanga Peninsula, SOCCSKSARGEN and ARMM with respective contributions of 44.38 percent, 37.35 percent and 8.37 percent to the yearly production. The combined production of these regions accounted for 90.10 percent of the country’s rubber production.



Coffee farming in the country is dominated by small farmers. The average size is 1-2 hectares (ha), with most of the farms being owned by the farmers themselves. Most of the farms are intercropped , such as with vegetables, coconut, fruit trees and even forest trees (especially in the case of Arabica coffee). There are very limited commercial scale plantations in the country.



Arabica - this is considered to be the best coffee in other countries because of its excellent flavor and aroma. It is known locally as "Kapeng Tagalog". Arabica yields           500- 1,000 kg of clean dry coffee beans per hectare. This variety is an early bearer, it bears fruits two to three years from planting. 

Robusta - this variety is high yielding and more resistant to pests and diseases. It yields 1,200 kg or more per hectare of clean dry coffee beans.

Liberica - this variety is locally known as "Kapeng Barako ". This variety is tolerant to drought and can grow to wider soil types. It starts bearing four to five years after transplanting and yields approximately 500 kg of dry coffee beans per hectare. 

Excelsa - this variety is resistant to drought. Bearing starts four to five years after transplanting. It yields approximately 1,000 kg of clean dry coffee beans per hectare.



Climatic requirements - the optimum temperature should be 21oC by night and 26oC   by day. Moderate soil temperature is vital for root growth. 

Soil factors - the minimum soil depth for coffee propagation is 1.5 meters. The soil must be highly fertile with high moisture holding capacity. It must be of                     medium texture with good drainage and erosion. The optimum soil pH must be between 5.5 to 6.5.

Rainfall / Water - soil moisture must be adequate during maximum vegetative growth and berry development. An extended period of well-distributed rainfall is preferred to continuous rainfall problems.

Light - it is necessary for photosynthesis and flower bud development


NATIONAL PRODUCTION (Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics)

  • In 2011, production of coffee was estimated at 88,526 MT. This was 6.35 percent declined from previous year’s level of  94,536 metric tons.
  • Number of bearing trees also declined by 1.65% 
  • Area planted to coffee also declined by 1.43 percent which is 119,657 hectares from 121,399 hectares in 2010.
  • Strong winds brought about by typhoons Mina, Pedring and Quiel aborted development of berries in Benguet and La Union. 
  • Frequent rains adversely affected production in Sulatan Kudarat. 
  • There were reports of crop shifting to Señorita banana in Compostela Valley and to rubber in Zamboanga City 
  • Robusta remained the major variety with 71.14 percent share in the 2011 production.
  • The top producers of coffee in 2011 were SOCCSKSARGEN, Davao Region and ARMM with respective shares in the national production of 30.94 percent, 23.13 percent and 12.31 percent





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