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REGION XI CONSISTS 4 PROVINCES AND 5 CITIES NAMELY, THE PROVINCES OF DAVAO DEL NORTE, DAVAO DEL SUR, DAVAO ORIENTAL AND COMPOSTELA VALLEY PROVINCE AND THE CITIES OF DAVAO, PANABO, TAGUM, DIGOS AND ISLAND GARDEN CITY OF SAMAL.
Davao Region is located in the Southeastern portion of the island of Mindanao surrounding the Davao Gulf. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Surigao del Sur, Agusan del Sur and Bukidnon. In the east it is bounded by the Philippine Sea; and in the west by the Central Mindanao provinces. Within the broader geographic context, the Davao Region area faces Micronesia in the Southern Pacific Ocean to the east, and the Eastern Indonesia through the Celebes Sea to the south.
It composed 4 provinces, 1 independent city, 4 component cities and 44 municipalities, grouped into 11 congressional districts and divided into 1,160 barangays. The provinces are Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte. Compostela Valley and Davao del Sur. The cities are Davao City, Panabo City, TagumCity, Digos City and Island Garden City of Samal.
The region is blessed with good climate as it experiences Types II and IV climate and lies outside the typhoon belt. Type II climate is characterized by no dry season with very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. This affects Davao Oriental and most parts of Compostela Valley. Type IV is characterized by more or less evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year and covers the rest of the Davao Region area. The region’s annual rainfall based on climatological data of Davao City ranges from 1,673.3 mm to 1,941.8mm. The average temperature in the region ranges from 28 C to 29 C. Warm temperature is experienced from February to October while the coolest months start from November up to January. The Region is not directly hit by typhoons and low-pressure systems and is rarely affected by high winds.
The soil of Region XI can be classified into the following groups: inceptisols, alfisols and ultisols. These are generally loam and clay types. The region’s soil is dominated by inceptisols. The alfisols and ultisols are found in depths beyond 100 feet.
About 26% of the total area of the region or 5,021.48 sq. kms. has slope range of 0-8%. These areas, which maybe for non-forest purposes, e.g. agriculture, industries and settlement. Among the provinces in the region, Compostela Valley has the largest area with 0-8% slope with 1,300.9 sq. kms. followed by Davao del Norte with 1,219.8 sq. kms. These areas, which maybe for non-forest purposes, e.g. agriculture, industries and settlement.
The region is characterized by extensive mountain ranges extending along the western border, in the northern central area and in the northwestern area leading to the peninsula in the southeast with uneven distribution of plateaus and lowlands. Its coastline reached to 1,600 square kilometer. The area is dominated by peninsular and island topography.
The Region has abundant water supply both from surface and ground water resources. About 85.7% of the total water supply comes from surface water and only 14.3% comes from ground water.
The region’s total water output reaches 31,049 cubic meters per minute (cmm) per year. Davao Oriental has the largest water output both from surface and ground sources at 7,402 cmm and 1,246 cmm, respectively. Compostela Valley follows with 6,668 cmm and 1,167 cmm, respectively. Davao City has the least water output from both surface and ground water at 2,993 and 499 cmm.
LAND AREA AND POPULATION
The Davao Region has a total land area of 19,671.83 sq. kms. corresponding to 6.6% of the Philippines’ total land area and 16.3% of the total land area of Mindanao. The total population in the area reached 3,933,018 or 21.2% of the Mindanao’s total population. Davao City is the most populated with 1,238,702 or 31.5% of the total and the Island Garden City of Samal the least populated with only 26,011 or 0.66% of the total.
Local tribes – Badjao, Bagobo, B’laan, Manobo, Mansaka, Mandaya, Matigsalog, Maranao, Tausog, Tagacaolo, Kalagan and others.
Cebuano, Tagalog, Dabawenyo, Hiligaynon, Bagobo, Tagacaolo, Manobo, Maguindanao, Mandaya, Bilaan, Ilocano, Waray and others.